Underlying all addictions are unmet needs or needs being met in non-nourishing, unhealthy or unsustainable ways. Cutting-edge addiction treatment recognizes that addictions are, in part, coping strategies to manage the pain and suffering caused by underlying issues related to traumatic experiences.Trauma is a very upsetting...

There is a growing and welcome trend in addiction treatment where the focus is on the underlying and root cause of the addiction rather than on the symptom of the addiction itself. Traditional 12 step treatment programs believe that addiction is a life- long incurable...

Over the last decade, there has been a welcome expansion in options for addiction recovery beyond the traditional 12 Step model. With just a little research, it is possible to identify numerous alternatives in treatment programs offering “Non-12 Step” and “Holistic” approaches to addiction recovery....